What is CAADP?

The comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) was established as part of NEPAD in July 2003 often tagged Maputo Declaration and focuses on improving and promoting agriculture and food security across Africa.


CAADP’s Aim and Goals

AADP aims to help African countries reach a higher path of economic growth and to eliminate hunger and reduce poverty through agriculture-led development.

CAADP brings together key players- at the continental, regional and national levels- to improve co-ordination, share knowledge, successes and failures, to encourage one another, and to promote joint and separate efforts to achieve the CAADP Goals.

By 2015, African leaders hope to see:
- Dynamic agricultural markets within and between countries and regions in Africa;
- Framers being active in the market economy and the continent becoming a net exporter of agricultural products;
- A more equitable distribution of wealth for rural populations;
- Africa as a strategic player in agricultural science and technology; and
- Environmentally sound agricultural production and culture of sustainable management of natural resources in Africa.

2014 Year of Agriculture and Food Security in Africa
The African Union Assembly of Heads of State and Government, during its 19th OrdinarySession, held from 15 – 16 July, 2012 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, declared the year 2014 to be the Year of Agriculture and Food Security in Africa, marking the 10th Anniversary of the adoption of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP).The Theme is “Transforming Africa’s Agriculture: Harnessing Opportunities for Inclusive Growth and Sustainable Development. This is being commemorated across Africa, in Member States, Regional Economic Communities, Continental Organisations, both state and non-state actors as they articulate issues, strategies and priorities for the next decade within the context of setting the agenda for Sustaining the CAADP Momentum: The Results Framework.

The CAADP Results Framework is:
i. An effort and guide to systematically strengthen the focus on implementation and delivering results;
ii. A means to set and monitor clear and attainable results and impact goals;
iii. A tool to foster alignment and harmonisation of the numerous initiatives on agriculture development; and
iv. A tool to support the iterative and learning nature of the CAADP implementation process.
What is happening in the programme?

Countries are encouraged to incorporate the CAADP objective into their agricultural and rural development strategies. As part of the implementation process countries are subjected to an independent review process to ensure the goals of the CAADP and the needs of the country are both met.

Nigeria signed the CAADP Compact on 29th – 30th October, 2009, and went on to prepare the National Agricultural Investment Plan (NAIP) in 2010. In 2011, Nigeria lunched a new home grown initiative known as Agricultural Transformation Agenda (ATA) but this is yet to be aligned to CAADP process and activities within the country.

What progress has been made so far?

Rwanda became the first country to sign the CAADP Compact 2007. As of May 2011, 26 countries had signed the compact and incorporated the CAADP compact into their agricultural agenda. These countries are: Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cape Verde, Cote d’ vorire, Ethiopia, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Togo, DRC, Tanzania, Guinea, Bissau, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Go to http://www.caadp.net/library-country-status-updates-updates.php for the full listing.

Maputo Declaration of Increasing agricultural investment
In 2003 African heads of state met in Mozambique and pledged to allocate 10 per cent of their national budget to agriculture by 2008. To date, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Malawi, Mali, Niger and Senegal have exceeded this target and most countries have made significant progress towards this goal.

CAADP also has an agricultural growth target of 6 percent. To date nine countries have exceeded this target (Angola, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Burkina Faso, Republic of the Congo, Gambia, Guinea, Bissau, Nigeria, Senegal, and Tanzania) and another four have achieved growth of between 5 and 6 per cent. Click here to see the graph on agriculture growth rates.

Key impact areas for agriculture in the next decade of CAADP:
Underlining that the CAADP Vision as agreed in 2003 is still valid and important, the priorities for the 2nd decade of CAADP builds on the gains and lessons of the 1st decade, while at the same time ensuring strategies and actions to deal with emerging issues such as increase and variability in global food and energy prices, nutrition, climate change as well as trends in population and migration.

The desired impact at the level of socio-economic and livelihoods is to see significant increase in the contribution of agriculture to:
i. Creation of national wealth;
ii. Increasing economic opportunities, including jobs and incomes, for all women and youth;
iii. Improved food security and nutrition;
iv. Reduction of inequalities and strengthening resilience; and
v. Environmental and ecosystems resilience and sustainability.

The desired change/transformation/results of agriculture performance:
i. Increased agricultural productivity and production through increased investments, use of improved technologies and practices, skills development, and reduced post-harvest-losses.
ii. Better functioning national and regional agriculture and food markets and increased intra/inter regional trade using appropriate policies, regulatory frameworks and incentives, infrastructure and market competitiveness.
iii. Expanded local agro-industry and value addition in agricultural products.
iv. Improved management, governance and sustainable use of natural resources for sustainable agricultural products.

Tracking results and impact in the next decade
Committing to take necessary policies, investment and institutional reforms, decisions and actions to achieve desired change and impact through the following four result indicators:
i. Zero hunger and reduced malnutrition by 2025;
ii. Half rural poverty by 2025;
iii. Triple formal and informal intra-regional trade by 2025; and
iv. Improved resilience in national capacities and community capacity in the face of both natural and human shocks including climate change. By 2025, at least 30% of the farm families and communities should demonstrate resilience to social and climate change shocks.

Specific programme initiatives
i. Accelerating the adoptions and sustained practicing of climate smart agriculture in the communities to reach at least 25 million farm families especially women by 2025;
ii. Bring at least an additional 5 million hectares of land under irrigation by 2015;
iii. The NEPAD Agency Flagship Programme on Nutrition support to attain the zero hunger and reduced malnutrition goals and targets; and
iv. The NEPAD Flagship programme to support expansion of the livestock, fisheries and aquaculture industries as a source of food, nutrition and jobs income.

The CAADP Team

The CAADP Country Team was established in March, 2011 led by the Special Adviser to the President on NEPAD and APRM. The Team includes stakeholders from the Public and Private Sectors, Civil Society Organisations (Coalition of CSOs on CAADP), and the development partners.

An Orientation workshop was organised for the CAADP County Team members/stakeholders, supported by the African Union Commission (AU), NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency (NPCA), The German Development Agency (GIZ), and other development partners. The CAADP Team Orientation workshop was held in Abuja on 16th – 17th November, 2011.