What is APRM?

The African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) is a self-monitoring tool voluntarily acceded to by Member States of the African Union as an African self–monitoring mechanism.

The APRM currently has thirty-four (34) member states. Seventeen (17) of the countries have completed their self-assessment exercise and have been peer-reviewed by the Forum of Heads of State and Government.

The APRM, with its focus on good governance assessment in four thematic areas of Democracy and Political Governance; Economic Governance and Management; Socio-economic Development and Corporate Governance – has remained the veritable instrument for institutionalizing policies and standards for economic revival, political reform and socio-economic development of Africa.

APRM’s aims and objectives The primary aim of APRM is to foster the adoption of policies, standards and practices that lead to political stability, high economic growth, sustainable development and accelerated sub-regional and continental economic integration through sharing of experiences and reinforcement of successful and best practices, including identifying deficiencies and assessing the needs for capacity building.

What is happening in the programme?

Upon accession to the APRM, a country is expected to undergo a base review which entails months or even years of reforms, a country self-assessment and the visit of country review mission that will produce the Country Review Report and a National Programme of Action upon the completion of the review process.

With the first country review done in 2008, Nigeria is one of a few numbers of countries that have indicated readiness for the APRM Second Review. The overriding objective of this second review is to assess progress made in Governance and Socio-Economic Development during the period since the Base Review and distil the overall discernible impact of the APRM on Governance and Socio-Economic Development.

The objectives of the Second Review are to:

  • reinvigorate and institutionalize the APRM process in the country;
  • appraise to what extent the NPoA is being implemented, and its continued relevance, on the basis of which a new NPoA would be proposed and adopted;
  • examine whether the identified commendable or best practices in the Base Review are being reinforced and promoted; and
  • tackle any new emerging issues relevant to Governance and Socio-Economic Development in the country.

The Second Review involves five (5) stages namely:

  • Stage One – review of the NPoA implementation
  • Stage Two – visit by the Country Review Mission (CRR)
  • Stage Three – preparation of the CRR
  • Stage Four – adoption of the report by APR Panel and Peer Review by the Forum
  • Stage Five – country release of the APR Country Report

What progress has been made so far?

  • Since its inception, the APRM has made significant progress in terms of the number of countries that have acceded, the rolling-out of the review exercise, the participation and engagement of stakeholders. Nigeria was among the initial countries that acceded to the mechanism in 2003 but concluded its accession process when it was successfully peer reviewed in October 2008 in Cotonou, Republic of Benin.
  • Periodic meetings with the State Coordinators and Focal Point Officers to brainstorm on their roles and responsibilities as participatory model of development management geared towards their involvement in the process of implementation, the last which was held at Nicon Luxury on the 13th of April 2014.
  • Tracking of NPoA Programme/Projects in the FMDAs since 2008
  • The peer review process has been adopted by State governments which the Nigeria Governors Forum (NGF) is conducting which are known as state-level peer assessments under the State Peer Review Mechanism (SPRM). This is a welcome development, which hopefully will be extended to the Local Government level in order to enhance the overall accountability within the federal structure.
  • The observation of Elections in the country since the 2011 general elections with the most recent being the Osun Gubernatorial election that was held on the 9th of August 2014.

Where to find us